**Introduction**

In this lesson, you will learn how to multiply fractions and integers.

This video illustrates the lesson material below. Watching the video is optional.

**Multiplying by Fractions**

Now that you've learned how to add and subtract fractions, you will learn how to multiply fractions. Multiplying fractions is a lot simpler than adding or subtracting fractions because you don’t need to find a common denominator. The rule for multiplying fractions is simply to multiply across the numerator and multiply across the denominator.

**Example 1**

\(\frac{2}{3}\times\frac{3}{5}\)

Figure 1

The numerator will be \(2\times3=6\), and the denominator is \(3\times5=15\). If you reduce \(\frac{6}{15}\), it is equal to \(\frac{2}{5}\).

**Example 2**

\(\frac{5}{8}\times\frac{3}{2}\)

Figure 2

Multiply straight across. When you multiply the fractions across, you get \(\frac{15}{16}\).

**Example 3**

\(\frac{1}{2}\times\frac{1}{2}\)

According to the rules of multiplying fractions, this becomes \(\frac{1}{4}\):

\begin{align*} \frac{1}{2}\times\frac{1}{2} = \frac{1}{4} \end{align*}

Why does this work? Remember, a fraction actually indicates division. So \(\frac{1}{2}\times\frac{1}{2}\) is really the same as \(\frac{1}{2}\times1\div2\).

**Example 4**

\(\frac{1}{4}\times\frac{1}{2}\)

According to the algorithm, this should equal \(\frac{1}{8}\):

Figure 3

Consider this equation visually. You started out with one fourth, as shown in the rectangle below divided into four pieces. One of the pieces is shaded.

Figure 4

The fourths were then cut in half until the rectangle was divided into eight pieces. The one-eighth is represented by the shaded area. So \(\frac{1}{4}\times\frac{1}{2}=\frac{1}{8}\).

Figure 5

**Multiplying Fractions with Integers**

You may have already caught on to this, but another important aspect of multiplying fractions is when you’re multiplying a fraction by an integer. Remember, any whole number can be represented as a fraction by putting it over 1.

**Example 5**

\(3=\frac{3}{1}\)

Using what you know about how to represent 3 as a fraction, complete this equation:

\begin{align*} 3\times \frac{3}{4} \end{align*}

Rewrite 3 as \(\frac{3}{1}\) and then multiply the fractions across to get the answer.

Figure 6

The answer is \(\frac{9}{4}\).

**Example 6**

The same is true going the other direction, as in this equation:

\begin{align*} \frac{2}{3}\times 5 \end{align*}

Two-thirds times five is the same as \(\frac{2}{3}\times \frac{5}{1}\).

Figure 7

All you have to do is take the \(2\times 5\) on the top, which equals 10, and \(3\times 1\) on the bottom, which equals 3, and that gives you the answer: \(\frac{10}{3}\).

**Things to Remember**

- When multiplying fractions, make sure to multiply across. The numerators are multiplied together and the denominators are multiplied together.
- When multiplying fractions with an integer, the integer will be divided by one, making it a fraction so you can multiply across.

### Practice Problems

**Multiply the following fractions:**

- \(\displaystyle \frac{1}{4}\cdot \frac{1}{3}=\) (Solution
- \(\displaystyle \frac{1}{4}\cdot \frac{5}{8}=\) (Solution
- \(\displaystyle \frac{3}{7}\cdot \frac{2}{5}=\) (Solution
- \(\displaystyle \frac{3}{4}\cdot \frac{2}{9}=\) (Video Solution
- \(\displaystyle \frac{3}{4}\cdot 10=\) (Solution
- \(\displaystyle 6\cdot \frac{2}{3}=\) (Video Solution

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