**Introduction**

In this lesson, you will use graphs to forecast data. You often use some data from the past to make predictions about things that haven’t happened. This works by graphing the data you have then extending the line into areas where you don’t have data. You are usually given an x-value and asked for the y-value.

This video illustrates the lesson material below. Watching the video is optional.

**Forecast the Value of a Linear Function Using a Graph**

Forecast means to make a prediction about the future. A linear function is just a straight line, so forecasting the value of a linear function is predicting the value of a straight line sometime in the future.

**Example 1**

Use the line in Figure 1 to forecast what the y-value is when \(x=6\).

\begin{align*} x=6 \rightarrow y = ? \end{align*}

Follow the pattern of this line and draw it further to forecast the y-value when \(x=6\).

\begin{align*} x=6 \rightarrow y = 9.3 \end{align*}

Figure 1

**Things to Remember**

- Using the line already given, extend the line so you can use it to forecast.
- Use a ruler or straight edge tool.
- As needed, use graph paper to get a more accurate graph of functions.
- Trace vertical and horizontal lines to match the coordinates on the x-axis and y-axis

### Practice Problems

**Use this graph to answers questions 1 and 2:**

- Using the line shown in the graph above, estimate the value of y when \(x = -4\). (Solution
- Using the line shown in the graph above, estimate the value of y when \(x = 6\). (Solution

**Need More Help?**

- Study other Math Lessons in the Resource Center.
- Visit the Online Tutoring Resources in the Resource Center.
- Contact your Instructor.
- If you still need help, Schedule a Tutor.